The Fauves were artists who came about at the beginning of the 20th Century. Matisse and Derain started the style; however, a critic named Louis Vaucelles dubbed their paintings in the Salon d’Automne in Paris “The Fauves” referring to “wild beasts,” and the term stuck to the artists as well. Maurice de Vlaminck, Kees van Dongen, Henri-Charles Manguin, Othon Friesz, Charles Camoin, Jean Puy, Louis Valtat, and Georges Rouault were also names of other artists involved in this movement. They were later joined by Raoul Dufy and Georges Braque. Fauvism had a warped sense of nature with its use of shape and crazy colors. The movement lasted for a very short time because Fauvism was not very structured. The structure of Cubism is what caught the eyes of many Fauves, and they began to paint more in the direction of Cubism. Braque was one of the fathers of Cubism, and Matisse continued to paint with Fauvism.
Fauvism inspired one of the most influential styles of art of the early 20th Century: Cubism. If Fauvism was never around then one of the first Cubists would have never transitioned from Impressionism to Cubism. It was just what the new century needed. Who knows what would have come next if it was not for the Fauves?